Epilepsy and sport

Doing sport to keep fit, as well as regular sleep and meals, is very important for people who have epilepsy as inactivity could worsen the disease's symptoms (such as seizures) or cause stress or mood disorders. Team sports also aid integration into society and development of social skills. 

Plus, there are no restrictions for people with controlled seizures although it is best to avoid dangerous sports (parachuting, etc.) or those with a high risk of head injury. 

You are also recommended to follow certain guidelines for your safety: 

  • Confirm individually with your doctor what kind of sport you can safely do based on the frequency, duration and type of seizures you suffer.
  • Do sport at the coolest times of day or keep well hydrated when it is hot to avoid dehydrating as that can trigger a seizure.
  • See a doctor if you are feeling bad after doing exercise, although sport rarely triggers a seizure.
  • For patients with highly frequent seizures, simply walking, stretching or doing simple activities can be an achievement. If you do not have a safe place to do such activities at least twice a week, ask a friend or relative to go with you.

Recommended sports may include dancing, tennis, paddle tennis, jogging, team sports, table tennis, etc. Even so, ask your doctor beforehand. If you go cycling or horse riding it is important to use appropriate protection.

 

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