Information about Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease that affects people from all countries and results in recurring convulsions. Convulsions are brief episodes of muscle contractions that may affect all of the body (generalised convulsions) or part of it (partial convulsions). They sometimes also result in unconsciousness and loss of sphincter control.

This is due to excessive electrical discharges by groups of brain cells. The discharges may take place in different parts of the brain. Convulsions may range from very brief absence seizures or muscle contractions to prolonged, serious convulsions. Frequency may vary from less than once a year to several times a day.

A single convulsion does not mean you have epilepsy (as many as 10% of people all around the world experience a convulsion during their lifetime). Epilepsy is defined as having two or more unprovoked convulsions.

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